Answers about Puppet

DevOps, Automation

Universe and Everything

Need Puppet help?

Contact Alessandro Franceschi / example42
for direct expert help on Puppet.
If solution is quick, it’s free. No obligations.

Tip of the Week 4 - Existing code and Puppet 4

Update: Tip of the Week 62 - Using catalog diff to check refactoring

Starting with Puppet 4 on greenfield is easy.

But how to upgrade from Puppet 3 to Puppet 4 with an existing codebase?

To be honest: it depends.

When you have a really old code base (e.g. you started using Puppet 2.6 or older) and you never adopted to new best practices you might reconsider a full rewrite from scratch. Don’t mess you new Puppet 4 infrastructure with old practices Puppet code.

When you have constantly adopted to best practices and removed deprecations from your Puppet code base you are in the comfortable situation to use tools which help you ensuring that your code is working on Puppet 4, too.

First you want to ensure that you are running the latest Puppet 3 Master version (3.8.x) and that your Agents are upgraded to the same version, too.

There are several ways to identify whether your code works in the same way on Puppet 4:

  • check identical catalogs with Puppet 3 and 4
  • test by enabling the Puppet 4 parser on a Puppet 3 Master
  • integration testing with different Puppet versions

Checking identical catalogs needs a Puppet code extension. You can choose between zack/catalog_diff or github/octocatalog_diff or puppetlabs/puppetlabs-catalog_preview.

All three tools will generate an overview on where the catalog contains differences.

To make use of catalog_diff you might want to place a new Puppet 4 based Master in place. On your Puppet 3 Master you want to give access to facts and catalogs

# allow the diff server to query facts
path  /facts
method find, search
auth any

# allow the diff server to retrieve any catalog
path ~ ^/catalog/([^/]+)$
method find
allow $1

Now you can make use of the puppet catalog command.

The output will tell you where differences in the catalog occur. e.g.

Resource counts:
  Old: 2
  New: 2

Catalogs contain the same resources by resource title

Individual Resource differences:
Old Resource:
    content => d3b07384d113edec49eaa6238ad5ff00

New Resource:
    content => dbb53f3699703c028483658773628452

If you want to use puppetlabs catalog-preview tool you need latest Puppet 3.8 with two environments: your production environment with your working puppet code and a copy of that where you enable the future parser.

Then you can run the Puppet preview command:

puppet preview --preview-environment future_production <nodename>

‘future_production’ is the copy of your environment with future parser enabled. Puppet preview not only shows catalog diff, but also shows code deprecation warnings and many more.

Martin Alfke